In a few years, we will celebrate 300 years of Brazilian coffee. For more than half of that time, Brazil has been the world’s largest coffee producer. The U.S. state of Maryland is not large enough to contain all the coffee plants in Brazil, even if every inch of the state was growing coffee. Over 300,000 coffee farms in 2,000 cities grow coffee in Brazil. The first coffee seed was planted in one of Portugal’s colonies not far from the Amazon river in 1727. A hundred years later, Brazil accounted for 30 percent of the world’s coffee supply. A hundred years after that, in the 1920’s, Brazil held a virtual monopoly, producing 80 percent of the world’s coffee.