Colombia Tolima Excelso FTO

Cup notes available upon arrival
$4.49 / lb $692.91 / bag
Bag Weight 70 KG BAG
Harvest Season 2021/22
Nov 2021
SKU P609031-1
Log In To Buy / Sample

About This Coffee

The alpine tundra ecosystem around the volcano Tolima (Nevado del Tolima) is not only, as one would expect, rich in volcanic soils, it is a “neotropical high mountain biome,” known for dramatic fluctuations in temperature—which can range from below freezing to 90 degrees Fahrenheit in one 24 period—are described by locals as summer every day and winter every night. At lower altitudes where they are no so dramatic, these fluctuations are great for growing coffee. 

Country of Origin Colombia
Harvest Season 2021/22
Coffee Grade COL CA WA EXCO EP10
Plant Species Arabica
Processing Washed
Region Tolima
Growing Altitude 1500-1900m
Certifications Fair Trade Organic

History of Colombian Coffee 


As with many coffee origins, it is believed that coffee was first brought to Colombia by priests, arriving, perhaps, within a decade or two after coffee first came to the Americas via the Caribbean in the first half of the 17th century. It was likely a garden crop grown for local consumption and barter for decades. Unlike other coffee regions, we have the story of a priest named Francisco Romero, who could be called the father of commercial coffee cultivation in Colombia. The folkloric tale goes that in the early 1800’s, Father Francisco, hearing confessions in the north eastern town of Salazar de la Palmas, assigned planting coffee to his parishioners as penance for their sins. The Archbishop of Colombia heard about this and ordered all priests to adopt the practice. Commercial production of coffee expanded quickly, moving into regions where the growing conditions were ideal. 

Growing Coffee in Colombia 


Even though it’s been 4,000 years, the soil resulting from the last major eruption of Tolima is still considered “young soil,” filled with nutrients that are no longer found at the same levels in old soil. There is a long list of elements on offer in volcanic soil that are fading or absent in other soils, such as high levels of potassium and nitrogen. Also present is something called “Boron,” which arrived from outer space a long time ago, and is important to cell walls, the creation of enzymes, and the production of flowers and fruit, meaning Boron contributes to yield. Beyond the nutrients, the structure of volcanic soil is also beneficial to coffee growing. It can soak up and hold moisture while, at the same time, facilitate good drainage so water doesn’t pool, which is not good for coffee plant roots. Coffee plants like to take a drink, then take a break. Also, volcanic soils are usually found on an incline, which also helps with drainage. 

  • Status Forward
  • Region Tolima
  • Processing Washed
  • Certifications Fair Trade Organic
  • Plant Species Arabica
  • Coffee Grade COL CA WA EXCO EP10
  • Growing Altitude 1500-1900m
  • Ctrm Region Tolima
  • Country of Origin Colombia
  • Warehouse The Annex
  • On Sale No
  • Top Lot No
  • CTRM Contract Number P609031-1

Downloads