Colombia Nariño - Yacuanquer *TOP LOT*

Nice sweetness and acidity, berries, peach, pomegranate
$4.88 / lb $753.09 / bag
Bag Weight 70 KG BAG
Harvest Season 2021/22
Sep 2021
SKU P608496-1
  • Out of Stock Bag(s)
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About This Coffee

About this Coffee

In southern Colombia, just north of the border with Ecuador and in the shadow of the volcano Galeros, sits Yacuanquer, a small town in the Nariño department. It is said that Yacuanquer means “land of the tomb and sepulcher” in Quechua, the language of the Inca empire, and this is likely a reference to Incan artifacts that have been discovered in the area. Although Volcan Galeros is an active volcano, that activity has mostly been ash and steam eruptions in recent times, contributing to the “youth” of the nutrient-rich soil. The region is beautiful but rugged and all the coffee farms are very small above 1,700 meters. Only the best fully washed coffees are curated from these smallholder coffee farmers for our Nariño – Yacuanquer.

History of Colombian Coffee

As with many coffee origins, it is believed that coffee was first brought to Colombia by priests, arriving, perhaps, within a decade or two after coffee first came to the Americas via the Caribbean in the first half of the 17th century. It was likely a garden crop grown for local consumption and barter for decades. Unlike other coffee regions, we have the story of a priest named Francisco Romero, who could be called the father of commercial coffee cultivation in Colombia. The folkloric tale goes that in the early 1800’s, Father Francisco, hearing confessions in the north eastern town of Salazar de la Palmas, assigned planting coffee to his parishioners as penance for their sins. The Archbishop of Colombia heard about this and ordered all priests to adopt the practice. Commercial production of coffee expanded quickly, moving into regions where the growing conditions were ideal.

Growing Coffee in Colombia

Even though it’s been 4,000 years, the soil resulting from the last major eruption of Tolima is still considered “young soil,” filled with nutrients that are no longer found at the same levels in old soil. There is a long list of elements on offer in volcanic soil that are fading or absent in other soils, such as high levels of potassium and nitrogen. Also present is something called “Boron,” which arrived from outer space a long time ago, and is important to cell walls, the creation of enzymes, and the production of flowers and fruit, meaning Boron contributes to yield. Beyond the nutrients, the structure of volcanic soil is also beneficial to coffee growing. It can soak up and hold moisture while, at the same time, facilitate good drainage so water doesn’t pool, which is not good for coffee plant roots. Coffee plants like to take a drink, then take a break. Also, volcanic soils are usually found on an incline, which also helps with drainage.

  • Status Spot
  • Region Nariño
  • Producer Type Single Estate
  • Processing Washed
  • Bag Type Grain Pro / Ecotact
  • Plant Species Arabica
  • Coffee Grade COL CA WA UGQ
  • Growing Altitude 1700m
  • Country of Origin Colombia
  • Warehouse Continental NJ
  • On Sale No
  • Top Lot No
  • CTRM Contract Number P608496-1

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